Based on the Japan Academy Act, the Academy performs following activities.
The Academy awards to persons who have achieved significant research landmarks or who have authored particularly outstanding academic papers or books.
The Academy publishes scientific papers written both by its members and other researchers
The Academy participates in the Union Académique Internationale and exchanges with overseas Academies.
The Academy uses its endowment to subsidize research conducted by its members and their collaborators and its self-implemented academic activities.
The Academy holds public lectures