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Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Ser. B, Physical and Biological Sciences

Vol. 86 No. 3 (2010)

  Vol. 86 No. 3 (2010)
Caption
 
Linné and taxonomy in Japan: On the 300th anniversary of his birth
Akihito
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 143-146 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Reviews
Laser acceleration and its future
Toshiki TAJIMA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 147-157 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Superalgebra and fermion-boson symmetry
Hironari MIYAZAWA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 158-164 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Polyamorphism in water
Osamu MISHIMA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 165-175 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Cytotoxic substances from two species of Japanese sea hares: chemistry and bioactivity
Kiyoyuki YAMADA, Makoto OJIKA, Hideo KIGOSHI and Kiyotake SUENAGA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 176-189 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Exploratory research on bioactive natural products with a focus on biological phenomena
Daisuke UEMURA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 190-201 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Asymmetric hydrogenation of ketones: Tactics to achieve high reactivity, enantioselectivity, and wide scope
Takeshi OHKUMA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 202-219 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Initial studies of the cytoplasmic FABP superfamily
Teruo ONO and Shoji ODANI
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 220-228 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
A new paradigm of bacteria-gut interplay brought through the study of Shigella
Chihiro SASAKAWA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 229-243 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Spatiotemporal dynamics of Ca2+ signaling and its physiological roles
Masamitsu IINO
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 244-256 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Original Papers
Selectivity of seismic electric signal (SES) of the 2000 Izu earthquake swarm: a 3D FEM numerical simulation model
Qinghua HUANG and Yufeng LIN
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 257-264 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
SSD1, which encodes a plant-specific novel protein, controls plant elongation by regulating cell division in rice
Kenji ASANO, Akio MIYAO, Hirohiko HIROCHIKA, Hidemi KITANO, Makoto MATSUOKA and Motoyuki ASHIKARI
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 86, 265-273 (2010) [abstract] [PDF]
Cover Illustration
Editor’s words for the cover illustration: Carl von Linné and Taxonomy in Japan

 His Majesty the Emperor of Japan was elected a Foreign Member of the Linnean Society of London in 1980 in recognition of his substantial contributions to the science of biological taxonomy. His Majesty showed for the first time in Japan that taxonomy based on the arrangements of sensory papillae on the head and the phylogeny of the morphological characters can be used as definitive features for classifying gobioid fish. In 2007, Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress were invited by the Linnean Society of London to attend the celebrations of the 300th anniversary of the birth of Carl von Linné.
 On that occasion, His Majesty generously delivered a keynote address in which he discussed the important seminal works of Carl von Linné. His Majesty also described very vividly the profound contribution that Linné’s disciples made to the development of taxonomy in Japan. His Majesty, in discussing his own field of research, said that he found that there were many unnamed fish and, in particular, that there were many gobioid fish that had to be given scientific names. His Majesty has been investigating the relationships among many kinds of gobioids and has been concentrating on the analyses of their bones and on the comparison of the arrangement of their head sensory canal pore and sensory papillae.
 In his address, His Majesty also spoke of the discovery of ginkgo and cycad sperm by two Japanese researchers. These discoveries were awarded the second Imperial Award of the Japan Academy in 1912, nearly 100 years ago. By a fortunate turn of fate, the Japan Academy will be celebrating the 100th anniversary of the Imperial Award later this year. It is interesting to note that Carl von Linné himself, in his original famous work, gave the current scientific name Ginkgo biloba to Ginko, written as 銀杏 in Japanese.
 The manuscript prepared by His Majesty for the address at the Linnean Society of London was first published in 2008 as a chapter in the Special Issue No. 8 of The Linnean. With the kind permission of the Linnean Society of London, it is our great honor and pleasure to republish the article in this issue of the Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B (pages 143-146).  We express our heartfelt thanks to the Linnean Society of London for giving us permission to republish this important scientific paper.

Tamio Yamakawa
Editor-in-Chief
Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B
(The photograph on the cover, Courtesy of Kyodo News)

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