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Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Ser. B, Physical and Biological Sciences

Vol. 85 No. 9 (2009)

  Vol. 85 No. 9 (2009)
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Reviews
An extension of fracture mechanics/technology to larger and smaller cracks/defects
Hiroyuki ABÉ
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 85, 363-373 (2009) [abstract] [PDF]
Sediment and nutrients transport in watershed and their impact on coastal environment
Syunsuke IKEDA, Kazutoshi OSAWA and Yoshihisa AKAMATSU
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 85, 374-390 (2009) [abstract] [PDF]
Chemistry and biosynthesis of isoprenylated flavonoids from Japanese mulberry tree
Taro NOMURA, Yoshio HANO and Toshio FUKAI
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 85, 391-408 (2009) [abstract] [PDF]
Reflections on protein splicing: structures, functions and mechanisms
Yasuhiro ANRAKU and Yoshinori SATOW
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 85, 409-421 (2009) [abstract] [PDF]
Original Papers
Regional expression of prosaposin in the wild-type and saposin D-deficient mouse brain detected by an anti-mouse prosaposin-specific antibody
Azusa YONESHIGE, Kunihiko SUZUKI, Naoya KOJIMA and Junko MATSUDA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 85, 422-434 (2009) [abstract] [PDF]
Independent component analysis of geoelectric field data in the northern Nagano, Japan
Yoshiaki ORIHARA, Masashi KAMOGAWA, Toshiyasu NAGAO and Seiya UYEDA
Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Vol. 85, 435-442 (2009) [abstract] [PDF]
Cover Illustration

Illustration: Sediment and nutrients transport in watershed and their impact on coastal environment.

 The richest corals in Japan are seen in Sekisei coral sea which locates between Ishigaki and Iriomote islands in Okinawa. However, corals close to Ishigaki island are declining very quickly and are threatened to disappear. The cover illustration of this issue shows that the water in the nearshore area of Nagura bay of Ishigaki island is covered by the read soil deposition. The picture at the upper left corner indicates sound corals seen in the offshore region. On the other hand the picture at the lower right corner was taken in the nearshore region indicated by the red circle. It shows clearly that the corals there endanger by sediment and nutrients deposition. The stated harmful materials are induced by the development of lands, in particular by farmlands for sugarcane and pineapple.
 In order to decelerate the rapid expansion of the unfavorable coastal environment stated above, remarkable reduction of sediment and nutrients yield is essentially required. From such a view point, the contribution of the present paper (pp. 374-390) can play an important role to establish a rational critical concentration of the sediment and nutrients for surviving the corals. Based on their achievement, a proper combination of civil engineering countermeasure and change of farming method can be recommended to the related personnel in the near future.

Kiyoshi Horikawa
Member of the Japan Academy

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